The definition of art that I like best is that of Suzanne Langer who said, “Art is that which makes the felt and the sensed tangible, so that others might contemplate it”. Intuition seems more valuable than deductive reasoning and I seek to make work which is provocative to the viewer’s imagination. As in much of Jazz music, the content is evoked rather than literally narrated. My interests and curiosity are eclectic. I incorporate any techniques or materials which help articulate the works, ideas, and feelings. Often images gleaned from contemporary science combine with those using historical viewpoints. Sometimes images will be the visual equivalent of some quality or essence and might be abstract, symbolic, or literal. I draw on a variety of resources including a rich background in art history, and a life long fascination with the cultures of primal people. Geology and music have been important since boyhood and in recent years a deep interest in contemporary physics and astronomy has developed.

I have a strong interest in the integration of art and architecture stemming from student days when I was a member of Stanford University’s prize winning team in the Collaborative Competition for Student Artists and Architects sponsored by the American Academy in Rome. For me art theory is secondary to the creative process. It follows and attempts to codify the inventions and explorations of artist, poets, and musicians. I think artists should not allow their imaginations to be constrained by theory.

We live in an era of vibrant technological development. It has created, unwittingly, a vast resource of information and materials for artists to use in their explorations. For example, in the 70s, with the aid of industrial technicians, I developed techniques to use sheet acrylic for sculpture. Because of the colored transparencies, projections, and reflections I considered this work to be painting with light as much as sculptural form. It seemed weightless and it constantly changed with the light and movement around it. Later, in the 90s, with technical advice, I explored painterly patinas for cast aluminum sculpture using new anodizing processes. Currently I use the computer to monitor galactic images from the Hubble and Galileo spacecrafts as well as to view Renaissance manuscripts. I am a painter and a sculptor and like to combine the two. Among my patron saints are Rembrandt, Berlioz, Stravinsky, Joyce, Klee, Mahler, Rothko, and Tapies.
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